Mood response in training and rest condition in veteran endurance runners with a negative addiction to running: a pilot study

Autores/as

  • Pedro Ángel Latorre Román Universidad de Jaén
  • Juan Antonio Párraga Montilla Universidad de Jaén
  • Felipe García Pinillos Universidad de Granada
  • Jesús Salas Sánchez Universidad Autónoma de Chile

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v16i49.1641

Palabras clave:

anger, depression, fatigue, running

Resumen

To analyze how mood status of veteran endurance athletes is modified in training and resting days, according to addiction level toward endurance running. 30 veteran endurance athletes participated in thisstudy (age=40.53±8.20 years). The Negative Addiction Scale (NAS) and the Profile of Mood Status (POMS) were used. Participants were classified like an addicted when obtained a score ≥5 in NAS. Athletes performed the POMS in non successive days, 4 training days and 4 resting days. The addicted athletes significantly increased (p<.05) the scores in tension, depression and anger in resting days. In non-addicted group is significantly increased (p=.015) in resting days. Non-addicted group showed in resting days, significant lower values (p<.05) in tension, depression, fatigue and anger than addicted group. Non-addicted athletes showed an iceberg profile in training and resting days, while addicted athletes only in training days. Significant correlations (p<.05) were found between NAS and tension, depression, fatigue and anger in resting days. The veteran endurance athletes with negative addiction to running modify the mood state in resting days, even when the rest is planned, and an increase in tension, depression, and anger values is produced.

Citas

Aidman, E.V., & Woollard, S. (2003). The Influence of Self-Reported Exercise addiction on Acute Emotional and Physiological Responses to Brief Exercise Deprivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4(3), 225-36. doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00003-1

Antunes, H. K. M., Leite, G. S. F., Lee, K. S., Barreto, A. T., dos Santos, R. V. T., De Sá Souza, H., ... & de Mello, M. T. (2016). Exercise deprivation increases negative mood in exercise-addicted subjects and modifies their biochemical markers. Physiology & behavior, 156, 182-190. Doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.01.028

Bamber, D. J., Cockerill, I. M., Rodgers, S., & Carroll, D. (2000). “It’s Exercise or Nothing”: A Qualitative Analysis of Exercise Dependence. British Journal of Sports Medicine , 34(6), 423-430. Doi: 10.1136/bjsm.34.6.423

Berczik, K.; Szabó, A.; Griffiths, M. D.; Kurimay, T.; Kun, B.; Urbán, R., & Demetrovics, Z. (2012). Exercise Addiction: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, and Etiology. Substance Use & Misuse, 47, 403–17. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2011.639120

Berczik, K., Griffiths, M., Szabo, A., Kurimay, T., Kokonyei, G., Urbán, R., & Demetrovics, Z. (2014). Exercise addiction-the emergence of a new disorder. Australasian Epidemiologist, 21(2), 36.

Berlin, A. A., Kop, W. J. y Deuster, P. A. (2006). Depressive mood symptoms and fatigue after exercise withdrawal: the potential role of decreased fitness. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68, 224-30. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.psy.0000204628.73273.23

Bonet, J., Parrado, E., & Capdevila, L. (2017). Efectos agudos del ejercicio físico sobre el estado de ánimo y la HRV / Acute Effects of Exercise on Mood And HRV. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, 17(65), 85-100. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.65.006

Borg, G. A. (1982). Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Medicine and

Science in Sports and Exercise, 14, 377-381. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-198205000-00012

Brandt, R., Bevilacqua, G. G., & Andrade, A. (2017). Perceived sleep quality, mood states, and their relationship with performance among Brazilian elite athletes during a competitive period. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 31(4), 1033-1039. Doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001551

Castillo, M., Ortega, F. B., & Ruiz, J. (2005). Mejora de la forma física como terapia antienvejecimiento. Medina Clínica, 124 (4),146-155. Doi: 10.1157/13071011

Carmack, M. A., & Martens, R. (1979). Measuring commitment to running: A survey of runner's attitudes and mental states. Journal of Sport Psychology, 1(1), 25–42. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsp.1.1.25

Conboy, J. K. (1994). The Effects of Exercise Withdrawal On Mood States In Runners. Journal of Sport Behavior, 17 (3), 188-203.

Costa S., Hausenblas H., Oliva P., Cuzzocrea F., & Larcan R. (2013). The role of age, gender, mood states and exercise frequency on exercise dependence. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2(4), 1-8. Doi: 10.1556/JBA.2.2013.014

Egorov, A., & Szabo, A. (2013). The exercise paradox: an interactional model for a clearer conceptualization of exercise addiction. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2(4), 199–208. Doi: 10.1556/JBA.2.2013.4.2

Fernandez, D. P., Kuss, D. J., & Griffiths, M. D. (2020). Short-term abstinence effects across potential behavioral addictions: A systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 76, 101828. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2020.101828

Fuentes, I., Balaguer, I., Meliá, J. L. y García-Merita, M. (1995). Forma abreviada del Perfil de Estado de Ánimo (POMS). En E. Cantón (Comp.). V Congreso Nacional de Psicología de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, pp. 19-26. Valencia: Universitat de València.

Garzón, M. J. C., Porcel, F. B. O., & Ruiz, J.R. (2005). Mejora de la forma física como terapia antienvejecimiento. Medicina Clínica, 124(4), 146-155. Doi: 10.1157/13071011

Glass, J. M., Lyden, A. K., Petzke, F., Stein, P., Whalen G., Ambrose, K., … Clauw, D. J. (2004). The effect of brief exercise cessation on pain, fatigue, and mood symptom development in healthy, fit individuals. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57(4), 391- 398. Doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2004.04.002

Glasser, W. (1976). Positive addiction. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc.

Guerra, J. R., Gutiérrez, M., Zavala, M., Singre, J., Goosdenovich, D., & Romero, E. (2017). Relación entre ansiedad y ejercicio físico. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd, 36(2), 169-177.

Guszkowska, M. (2012). Exercise dependence-symptoms and mechanisms. Psychiatria Polska, 46 (5), 845-56.

Hailey, B. J., & Bailey, L. A. (1982). Negative addiction in runners: a quantitative approach. Journal of Sport Behaviour, 5, 150-1544.

Hambleton, R. K. (1996). Adapting tests for use in multiple languages and cultures: error sources, possible solutions and practical guidelines. In J. Muñiz (Ed.), Psicometría (pp. 207-238). Madrid: Universitas.

Hausenblas, H. A., Gauvin, L., Downs, D. S., & Duley, A. R. (2008). Effects of abstinence from habitual involvement in regular exercise on feeling states: An ecological momentary assessment study. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13 (2), 237-255. Doi: 10.1348/135910707X180378

Hausenblas, H. A., & Symons Downs, D. (2002). Exercise dependence: A systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3, 89-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(00)00015-7

Krivoschekov, S. G., & Lushnikov, O. N. (2017). The functional state of athletes addicted to exercises during exercise deprivation. Human Physiology, 43(6), 678-685. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7595.1000288

Landolfi, E. (2013). Exercise addiction. Sports Med, 43, 111-119. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-012-0013-x

Latorre, P. A., Jiménez, A., Párraga, J., & García, F. (2016). Dependencia al ejercicio físico e insatisfacción corporal en diferentes deportes de resistencia y su relación con la motivación al deporte. Revista de psicología del deporte, 25(1), 113-120.

Márquez, S., & De la Vega, R. (2015). La adicción al ejercicio: un trastorno emergente de la conducta. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 31, 2384-2391. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.6.8934

McNair, D. M., Lorr, M., & Droppleman, L. F. (1971). Manual for the Profile of Mood

States. San Diego, CA: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.

Meeusen, R., Watson, P., Hasegawa, H., Roelands, B., & Piacentini, M. F. (2006). Central Fatigue. The serotonin hypothesis and beyond. Sports Medicine, 36 (10), 881-909. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200636100-00006

Modolo, V. B., Antunes , H. K. M., Gimenez, P. R. B., Santiago, M. L. M., Tufik, S., & Mello M. T. (2011). Negative addiction to exercise: are there differences between genders?. Clinics, 66 (2), 255-260. Doi: 10.1590/S1807-59322011000200013

Modolo‚ V. B., Mello‚ M.T., Gimenez‚ P. R. B., Tufik‚ S., & Antunes‚ H. K. M. (2009). Dependência de exercício físico: humor, qualidade de vida em atletas amadores e profissionais. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 15 (5), 355-359. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922009000600007

Mondin, G. W., Morgan, W. P., Piering, P. N., Stegner, A. J., Stotesbery, C. L., Trine, M. R. & Wu, M. Y. (1996). Psychological consequences of exercise deprivation in habitual exercisers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 28 (9), 1199-1203. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199605001-00173

Morgan, W. P. (1979). Negative addiction in runners. The Physician and Sports

Medicine, 7, 57-77. Doi: 10.1080/00913847.1979.11948436

Morgan, W. P. (1980). Test of champions: The iceberg profile. Psychology Today, 14, 39-108.

Morgan, W. P., & Costill, D. L. (1996). Selected psychological characteristics and health behaviors of aging marathon runners: a longitudinal study. International journal of sports medicine, 17(04), 305-312. Doi: 10.1055/s-2007-972852

Nogueira, A., Salguero, A. & Márquez, S. (2017). Adicción a correr: una revisión desde sus inicios hasta la actualidad. Revista de Psicología Aplicada al Deporte y el Ejercicio Físico, 2(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.5093/rpadef2017a1

Parastatidou, I., Doganis, G., Theodorakis, Y., & Vlachopoulos, S. (2014). The mediating role of passion in the relationship of exercise motivational regulations with exercise dependence symptoms. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 12, 406-419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-013-9466-x

Reynaga-Estrada, P., Arevalo Vazquez, E. I., Verdesoto Galeas, A. M., Jimenez Ortega, I. M., Preciado Serrano, M. D. L., & Morales Acosta, J. J. (2016). Psychological benefits of physical activity in an educational center work. Retos-nuevas tendencias en educacion fisica deporte y recreacion, 30, 203-206.

Rowley, A. J., Landers, D. M., Kyllo, L. B., & Etnier, J. L. (1995). Does the Iceberg Profile discriminate between successful and less successful athletes? A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17 (2), 185-199. Doi: 10.1123/jsep.17.2.185

Ruiz-Juan, F., Zarauz, A., & Flores-Allende, G. (2016). Dependence to training and competition in route runners. Cultura_Ciencia_Deporte, 11(32), 14. Doi: 10.12800/ccd.v11i32.714

Salas-Sánchez J., Latorre-Roman P. A., & Soto-Hermoso V. M. (2013). Negative dependence to the career of resistance and corporal dimorphism in veteran athletes. Medicina dello Sport, 66(3), 375-87

Sachs, M., & Pargman, D. (1985). Running addiction. En M. Sachs y G. Buffone (eds.) Running as Therapy (pp.231-255). Lincoln (Nebraska): University of Nebraska.

Szabo, A. (2000). Physical activity as a source of psychological dysfunction. In SJH Biddle, KR Fox, SH Boutcher, (Eds) Physical activity and psychological well-being (pp 130-153). London: Routledge.

Szabo, A., Griffiths, M.D., De La Vega Marcos, R., Mervó, B., & Demetrovics, Z. (2015). Methodological and conceptual limitations in exercise addiction research. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 88(3), 303–308.

Wilhelm, M. (2014). Atrial fibrillation in endurance athletes. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 21, 1040–1048. Doi: 10.1177/2047487313476414

Weinstein, A.A., Deuster, P.A., & Kop, W.J. (2007). Heart rate variability as a predictor of negative mood symptoms induced by exercise withdrawal. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(4), 735-741. Doi: 10.1249/mss.0b013e31802f590c

##submission.downloads##

Publicado

2021-09-06

Cómo citar

Latorre Román, P. Ángel, Párraga Montilla, J. A., García Pinillos, F., & Salas Sánchez, J. (2021). Mood response in training and rest condition in veteran endurance runners with a negative addiction to running: a pilot study. Cultura, Ciencia Y Deporte, 16(49). https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v16i49.1641

Número

Sección

Artículos / Articles