https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/issue/feed Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte 2022-06-01T14:03:35+02:00 Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte ccd@ucam.edu Open Journal Systems Revista Científica Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1681 Bienestar psicológico de deportistas adolescentes mexicanos confinados por la pandemia del COVID-19 2022-01-13T10:07:02+01:00 Cristina Reche-García creche@ucam.edu Juan José Hernández Morante jjhernandez@ucam.edu José Tomás Trujillo Santana direccion@instinto.com.mx Carlos Alberto González Cisneros carlos.gonzalez@codejalisco.gov.mx Jeffrey Romero Romero jeffrey@instinto.com.mx Francisco José Ortín Montero ortin@um.es <p>El bienestar psicológico ha sido afectado por la pandemia en todos los ámbitos, pero en el deportista adolescente desconocemos su impacto. Es objeto de estudio conocer el bienestar psicológico percibido, la vitalidad subjetiva y fortaleza mental de deportistas adolescentes mexicanos confinados: en función del sexo, edad y tipo de deporte, así como el papel predictor de distintas variables evaluadas en el bienestar psicológico percibido de los deportistas. Se evaluó a 522 deportistas de alto nivel, 280 varones y 242 mujeres (edad: M = 16, DT = 1), y se les administró la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico para Adolescentes (BIEPS-J), la Escala de Vitalidad Subjetiva, y la traducción del Mental Toughness Inventory (MTI). Los resultados mostraron como un 15% de los deportistas percibía un bajo bienestar psicológico, la autoaceptación fue el área más dañada. Los varones presentaron mayor bienestar psicológico, vitalidad y fortaleza mental (p = 0.003, p = 0.001; p = 0.003). La variable que mejor explicó los niveles de bienestar psicológico fue la fortaleza mental (37%). Se sugiere que se implementen intervenciones positivas de tercera generación en los programas de atención al deportista tras el confinamiento, así como seguir explorando variables susceptibles de predecir el bienestar psicológico. </p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1839 Analysis of technical-tactical factors in beach volleyball: a systematic review 2021-12-23T10:24:13+01:00 Ruth Alvarado-Ruano ralvarado@alu.ucam.edu Ana Belén López-Martínez almartinez@ucam.edu <p>The development of an effective performance is determined by a multidimensional character, being a combination of physical, technical, tactical, and psychosocial qualities. Sport technique is a fundamental aspect in the improvement process, influencing other aspects such as tactics. In beach volleyball, due to its sequential character, it is essential to study each of the technical actions. The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review of the different articles published on the analysis of beach volleyball and to identify the criteria used for the analysis of technical-tactical components. The PRISMA guidelines were followed for this review. The databases PubMed, Web of Science and SportDiscus were searched. Based on the criteria, 33 articles were included. The results show a tendency towards the specific analysis of terminal actions versus continuity actions. The power serve was the most used in the men's category. In women's teams, the standing serve was the most used. The forearm reception was the most frequent. Women's teams tended to use forearm set more than men's teams. The spike was the most used in the men's category, while in the women's category it was the shot. The line block was the most used. Diagonal defense was the most used and effective.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1814 Importance-Performance Analysis applied to a Specialized Center for Tennis Sport Technification (SCTST) 2022-02-14T12:41:24+01:00 Alejandro Lara-Bocanegra alejandrolarboc@us.es M. Rocío Bohórquez rociobohorquez@us.es Jerónimo García-Fernández jeronimo@us.es <p>The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the services of a Specialised Centre for Tennis Sport Technification (SCTST) through an Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) carried out by its internal and external customers. However, although there are studies related to sports centres in Spain, there is none that focuses on SCTST, and that can also investigate the perceptions of their different customers and present an analysis segmented by customer characteristics. A total of 128 clients of the SCTST participated in the study, 102 being men and the remaining 26 women, with an average age of 43.81 (SD = 13.60). As a measurement instrument, the online questionnaire was applied, with questions on customer characteristics (sociodemographics) and a behavioural measure, consisting of 29 items. As a result of the data obtained, IPA analysis was performed mainly according to sex and type of relationship of the clients with the SCTST, taking into account the discrepancies between the mean scores obtained in evaluation and importance. The main findings indicate that all attributes can be improved, but special emphasis should be placed on the rates and state of conservation of the SCTST sports facilities.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1845 Anthropometric profile in young swimmers 2022-02-14T11:51:54+01:00 Rubén Jiménez Alfageme rja10@gcloud.ua.es Belén Redón Jordán nitruredon@gmail.com Juan D. Hernández Camacho jdhercam@upo.es Isabel Sospedra isospedra@ua.es Alberto Férriz-Valero alberto.ferriz@ua.es José Miguel Soriano jose.soriano@uv.es José Miguel Martínez-Sanz josemiguel.ms@ua.es <p>The study of body dimensions and proportions through anthropometry is important for the identification of young talents in swimming. Anthropometric studies of swimmers in the Spanish population are scarce. The main objective of this study is the description of anthropometric profile in young swimmers, differentiated by sex and styles. 34 swimmers (19 boys and 15 girls) of national competitive level, aged between 14-17 years were analyzed. Measurements were taken by two accredited anthropometrists following the Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) anthropometric protocol. Body composition was calculated using the 4- component model and the Heath-Carter somatotype. The sample was differentiated between swimming strokes to examine possible differences between groups. Significant differences (p &lt;0.05) were observed by sex in basic measurements, folds, perimeters and diameters, but no significant differences were observed by styles. The somatotype of the sample was balanced mesomorphic, being ectomesomorphic in boys and mesoendomorphic in girls, with values similar to those observed in the bibliography. Anthropometric assessment should be considered to monitor the development and detection of possible sports talents in swimming.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1615 Influencia de los contenidos de meta sobre la intención de práctica de ejercicio físico en adolescentes: La importancia de aspirar a desarrollar habilidades 2021-12-21T13:48:24+01:00 Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez m.alcaraz@ual.es Imanol Carrascosa-Ruiz imanol.carrascosa.ruiz@gmail.com Elena Martínez-Rosales emr809@ual.es Rafael Burgueño rmburgueno@ual.es <p>Basado en la teoría de la auto-determinación, este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la influencia de las diferentes metas intrínsecas (i.e., afiliación social, gestión de la salud y desarrollo de habilidades) y extrínsecas (i.e., imagen y reconocimiento social) sobre la intención de práctica de ejercicio en adolescentes. Participaron 282 estudiantes de educación secundaria obligatoria y bachillerato (146 hombres y 136 mujeres; Medad = 14.54, DTedad = 1.57). Los participantes completaron un cuestionario que incluía instrumentos que evaluaban metas específicas del contexto de la práctica de ejercicio físico, frecuencia de práctica durante los seis meses anteriores e intención futura de práctica. La relación hipotetizada fue testada mediante un análisis de regresión y moderación usando el macro PROCCES para SPSS y una técnica de bootstrappingde 5000 muestreos. Los resultados mostraron que, de las cinco metas consideradas, la alusiva al desarrollo de habilidades emergía como la única con potencial capacidad predictiva diferenciada sobre la intención futura de práctica de ejercicio, produciéndose esta relación de forma más evidente en chicas que en chicos. Las evidencias obtenidas sugieren que favorecer la persecución de metas relacionadas con la mejora de habilidades podría contribuir a aumentar la intención de práctica de ejercicio físico en población adolescente.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1679 Scientific production on Physical Education in Early Childhood Education: bibliometric analysis (1973-2019) 2022-03-09T19:46:36+01:00 Rebeca Garcia-Perez rebeca.garciap@alumnos.unican.es Mikel Pérez-Gutiérrez mikel.perez@unican.es Carlos Cobo-Corrales carlos.cobo@unican.es Vanesa Rodríguez-Gutiérrez vanesa.rodriguezg@alumnos.unican.es <p>Physical Education in Early Childhood Education is a topic that increasingly attracts the attention of researchers, but the evolution and characteristics of this field of knowledge are not known. In this way, the aim of this work was to carry out a bibliometric analysis on the articles related to Physical Education in Early Childhood Education published until 2019. Thus, Dialnet, ERIC, SciELO,SPORTDiscus, Scopus and Web of Science databases were checked. Obtained results were sent to Endnote X9 programme and then exported to Excel 2016 for their statistical analysis focused on productivity, topic and collaboration aspects. A total of 292 articles published from 1973 to 2019 were obtained. The most represented scientific field was Pedagogy. The most productive author was Gil-Madrona, while the collaboration varied from 2.50 to 4.40 authors per article. The main journals for the dissemination of this output were RETOS and Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury. In conclusion, Physical Education in Early Childhood Education has consolidated itself as a new field of knowledge, in which collaborative work and from Spanish institutions stand out.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1871 Factors associated with active commuting to school in adolescents 2022-02-15T17:42:27+01:00 Raúl Jiménez Boraita rauljbcity@gmail.com Daniel Arriscado Alsina danielarriscado@hotmail.com Josep María Dalmau Torres jose-maria.dalmau@unirioja.es Esther Gargallo Ibort esther.gargallo@unirioja.es <p>Active commuting contribute to the realization of physical activity by adolescents, being able to exert beneficial effects on health. The aim of the study was to analyze active trips to the school, evaluating their relationship with various lifestyle habits and indicators of physical and psychosocial health, as well as the influence of different sociodemographic variables. The study was conducted on a sample of 761 students (14.51 ± 1.63 years) from 25 educational centers in northern Spain. active commuting to school, hours of nightly sleep, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, physical activity engagement, maximum oxygen uptake, body mass index, health-related quality of life, self-esteem and various sociodemographic factors were analysed for all participants. Being older, studying in urban or publicly owned centers, residing in favorable environments for physical activity, having a low / medium socioeconomic level and having higher levels of physical activity, were found to be predictive factors of active trips to the school. Likewise, active transport reported positive associations with MD. Interventions aimed at promoting active displacement should take these predictive factors into account, trying to apply them especially to the most vulnerable groups.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1712 Do gender and the subject influence young students’ psychological needs and positive and negative outcomes? 2022-03-14T15:30:30+01:00 Héctor Moreno-Casado hmorenoc01@educarex.es Juan José Pulido jjpulido@unex.es Francisco José Santos-Rosa fjsantos@upo.es Tomás García-calvo tgarciac@unex.es Ricardo Cuevas Ricardo.Cuevas@uclm.es <p>The present study aimed to analyze and compare gender differences in the basic psychological needs (BPN) in several subjects (Physical Education, Mathematics, English and Language, and Literature) in terms of satisfaction/frustration, the perceived subject importance, and perceived usefulness of the subject matters, and the degree of enjoyment/boredom perceived by secondary students. In addition, the differences between the subjects in the mean scores of all these motivational variables were analyzed. Participants were 1754 Spanish students (986 girls and 768 boys) in 3rd (n = 991) and 4th grade (n = 763) of secondary education with an average age of 15.70 years (± 0.75). An independent-sample t-test to assess possible gender differences and a paired t-test were carried out to compare the variables in the different subjects. The results revealed significant differences in the majority of variables analyzed according to gender, with higher values for girls than boys in need satisfaction, the perceived usefulness the enjoyment of most subjects, and lower values in need frustration and boredom. In addition, significant differences were found when comparing the four subjects. Specifically, Physical Education (PE) had significantly higher values in need satisfaction and enjoyment and significantly lower scores in need frustration, perceived usefulness, and boredom than the other subjects analyzed. These gender and betweensubjects differences should be considered when teachers design and develop methodological strategies to carry out their roles with young students.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1786 Effect of a gamified program on physical fitness and motor coordination 2022-02-07T12:52:25+01:00 José Manuel Cenizo-Benjumea jmcenben@upo.es Francisco Javier Vazquez-Ramos fjvazram@upo.es Soledad Ferreras-Mencía sferreras@comillas.edu Javier Galvez Gonzalez jgalgon@upo.es <p>The objective of this study was to analyze the effect on motor coordination, lower body strength and agility of a gamified Physical Education programme developed to improve the ability to jump in schoolchildren between 8 and 11 years old. A pre-post quasi-experimental design was used with two groups (experimental group: 172 boys and 157 girls; Control group: 99 boys and 69 girls). Motor coordination was measured through the 3JS test, the ability to jump horizontally with feet together, and the ability to jump vertically by jumping with counter movement. Agility was assessed through the 4x10 test. A mixed design of factorial variance analysis was applied in which the intervention and sex were inter-subject fixed effect factors, while the time of measurement of the variable was a repeated measures factor within-subjects with two levels. The present study showed that a gamified teaching approach in Physical Education improved the performance of lower body strength, agility, and motor coordination. However, no differences were found based on sex and age.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1789 Performance analysis of the events groups as a predictor of high-level decathletes 2022-03-14T11:57:00+01:00 Juan Alfonso Garcia Roca jagarciaroca@gmail.com Juan Manuel García-Manso mailto@gmail.com Juan Pedro Fuentes-García mailto@gmail.com María José Martínez Patiño mailto@gmail.com <p>The objective of this study was to determine the structure of the decathlon and the value of each of the events an athlete must perform to complete this sports discipline, as well as to determine in which manner these events are grouped in Top-Level athletes with the aim to optimize the methodology of training and improve the selection of talents in the combined events. The sample utilized (102 performances in decathlon event) included the best all-time world specialists until July 2020, and with records equaling or higher than 8300 points (level to achieve the position of Olympic finalist). To establish the adequate grouping of events, a cluster analysis using the existing Euclidean proximity matrix between the different disciplines was utilized. Also, the relative weight (RW) of each discipline was used on the rest of the events and the resulting groupings. The results showed that five clearly-differentiated groups appeared in the decathlon: Group 1: 100 meters, 400 meters, 110 meters Hurdles, Long Jump and Pole Vault (RW= 53.8%); Group 2: High Jump (RW= 9.7%); Group 3: Shot Put and Discus Throw (RW=18.6%) Group 4: Javelin Throw (RW=9.2%) and Group 5. 1500 meters (RW=8.4%). The study proposes that discovering and precisely determining the groups of events in a decathlon allows the possibility to apply efficient principles to optimize the training process in this athletic event.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1792 Effectiveness of a physically active learning program on indicators of physical activity, well-being and academic performance in students 2022-02-07T13:06:31+01:00 José María Pulido-Gil pepepulidogil@gmail.com David Sánchez-Oliva davidsanchez@unex.es Miguel Á. López-Gajardo malopezgajardo@unex.es José Carlos Ponce-Bordón jponcebo@alumnos.unex.es Tomás García-Calvo tgarciac@unex.es <p>The aim was to analyse the effects of a programme made of physically active lessons on primary education students' level of school physical activity, physical fitness, school life satisfaction and academic performance. A quasiexperimental methodology was applied and 50 fifth-year primary education students (Mage = 10.62; SD = 0.57) participated. The experimental group (n = 25) enrolled in a physically active learning programme within the bilingual Science subject for eight weeks. One physically active lesson was included per week, in addition to the two Physical Education sessions. The results revealed that the physically active learning programme generated a significant increase in students' physical activity during school time (p &lt; .05), several physical fitness variables, the student-teacher relationship, the interest in the subject and perceived health. These findings evidenced the importanceof including physically active lessons during school hours,in order to improve the low physical activity levels currently shown by primary school students.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1870 Socio-motor relationships, perceived enjoyment and competence of young players during the game of tag 2022-03-14T09:30:30+01:00 Íñigo Vélaz-Lorente ivelazlorente@gmail.com Asier Gonzalez-Artetxe asierjfkz@gmail.com Ioritz Gaztelu-Folla gaztelu.ioritz@gmail.com Asier Los Arcos asier.losarcos@ehu.eus <p>This study aimed to assess the socio-motor interactions and the perceived enjoyment and competence levels of young players during a game of tag. 21 players under 13s from two different teams of the same football club (subgroup-A and subgroup-B) played a new modified version of the game of tag for ten minutes. The motor relationships were analysed registering the number of counter-communications (i.e. catching attempts) and the players involved. The perceived enjoyment and competence levels were assessed using the BECS scale. The Chi-square test showed significant differences (p &lt; .001; effect size [ES] = 0.65, moderate) in the counter-communications, according to the subgroup of the tagger and the runner: the 87%</p> <p>and the 68% of the total counter-communications involved only players of the same subgroup and only from subgroup- A, respectively. The mean enjoyment was significantly (p = .03) and substantially (ES = 0.98, large) higher for the subgroup-A players (4.0 ± 0.8; coefficient of variation [CV] = 20%) compared to subgroup-B players (3.8 ± 0.6; CV = 16%). Besides revealing the socio-motor interactions of the players, a game of tag could be an interesting alternative to experience the motor instability, identify the social relationships of a group and guarantee high enjoyment in young players.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License https://ccd.ucam.edu/index.php/revista/article/view/1931 Mayoría de edad: protohistoria de una revista (Coming of age: the proto-history of a journal) 2022-06-01T13:53:08+02:00 Antonio Sánchez-Pato apato@ucam.edu Juan de Dios Bada Jaime mailto@ucam.edu 2022-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Derechos de autor 2022 Creative Commons Attribution License