Effect of physical activity and fitness on executive functions and academic performance in children of elementary school. A systematic review (Efectos de la actividad física y condición física sobre funciones ejecutivas y rendimiento académico en niños de Educación Primaria. Una revisión sistemática)


  • Beatriz Berrios Aguayo Universidad de Jaén
  • Pedro Ángel Latorre Román Universidad de Jaén
  • Jesús Salas Sánchez Universidad Autónoma de Chile
  • Antonio Pantoja Vallejo Universidad de Jaén



Palabras clave:

Physical performance, executive functions, academic performance, school-aged children


This systematic review sought to investigate the influence of physical activity and physical fitness on cognitive functions and academic performance. Studies were identified in four databases from January 2010 through January 2021. A total of 26 studies were selected after meeting the established criteria. Nine studies showed an association between physical activity and physical fitness variables and academic performance. Cardiorespiratory fitness, speed- agility, motor coordination, and perceptual-motor skill had the strongest association with executive function, including attention, memory, inhibition and shifting in 17 studies. High
levels of physical activity and physical fitness are associated with higher academic performance and executive function. More hours of Physical Education are needed to more effectively develop the cognitive aspects and physical fitness of children in elementary school.


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2022-02-18 — Actualizado el 2022-02-28


Cómo citar

Berrios Aguayo, B., Latorre Román, P. Ángel, Salas Sánchez, J., & Pantoja Vallejo, A. (2022). Effect of physical activity and fitness on executive functions and academic performance in children of elementary school. A systematic review (Efectos de la actividad física y condición física sobre funciones ejecutivas y rendimiento académico en niños de Educación Primaria. Una revisión sistemática). Cultura, Ciencia Y Deporte, 17(51). https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v17i51.1699 (Original work published 18 de febrero de 2022)



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