Physiological and psychological effects of a new racket sport in children with and without overweight at primary school (Efectos fisiológicos y psicológicos de un nuevo deporte de raqueta en niños con y sin sobrepeso en la escuela primaria)


  • Pedro Gargallo
  • Álvaro Juesas
  • Alejandro Bruño
  • José F. Guzmán
  • Juan F. Lisón
  • Rosa M. Baños
  • Jorge Flández
  • Michael E. Rogers
  • Juan C. Colado Sánchez


Palabras clave:

Spiribol, basketball, futsal, health (Spiribol, baloncesto, fútbol sala, salud)


Literature have shown the positive effects of participation in classical sports on children health. However, selection of the sports modality must be performed according to motivations and individual needs related to age and gender. Innovative ideas are necessary to increase their participation, so alternative sport modalities need to emerge. The purpose of the present study was to know if a new racket sport of reduced play space provokes similar physiological and psychological effects to traditional sports [basketball (BASKET) and indoor football (FUTSAL)] in children with and without overweight at primary school. A cross-sectional study was developed with 54 children (10.4±0.1 years old; 44.4% with overweight) who participated in one session of 25 minutes of each sport. Physiological [total physical activity (TPA), mean (MHR) and maximum heart rate (MXHR), activity energy expenditure (AEE)] and psychological [rate of perceive exertion (RPE), affect, enjoyment)] parameters were evaluated.===La literatura ha demostrado los efectos positivos de la participación en los deportes clásicos sobre la salud de los niños. Sin embargo, la selección de la modalidad deportiva debe realizarse de acuerdo con las motivaciones y las necesidades individuales relacionadas con la edad y el género. Se necesitan ideas innovadoras para aumentar su participación, por lo que deben surgir modalidades deportivas alternativas. El propósito del presente estudio fue saber si un nuevo deporte de raqueta de espacio de juego reducido provoca efectos fisiológicos y psicológicos similares a los deportes tradicionales (baloncesto y fútbol sala) en niños con y sin sobrepeso en la escuela primaria. Se desarrolló un estudio transversal con 54 niños (10.4 ± 0.1 años; 44.4% con sobrepeso) que participaron en una sesión de 25 minutos de cada deporte. Se evaluaron los parámetros fisiológicos (actividad física total, frecuencia cardíaca media y máxima, gasto energético de actividad) y psicológicos (tasa de esfuerzo percibido, afecto, disfrute).


Abdelkrim, N. B., El Fazaa, S., & El Ati, J. (2007). Time–motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British journal of sports medicine, 41(2), 69-75. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2006.032318

ActiGraph. (2005). Actisoft Analysis Software 3.2 User’s Manual. MTI Health Services: Fort Walton Beach, FL.

Bangsbo, J., Krustrup, P., Duda, J., Hillman, C., Andersen, L. B., & Weiss, M., et al. (2016). The Copenhagen Consensus Conference 2016: children, youth, and physical activity in schools and during leisure time. British journal of sports medicine, 50,1177-1178. doi:10.1136/ bjsports-2016-096325

Baptista, F., Mil-Homens, P., Carita, A. I., Janz, K., & Sardinha, L. B. (2016). Peak vertical jump power as a marker of bone health in children. International journal of sports medicine, 37(8), 653-658. doi:10.1055/s-0042-105290

Baranowski, T. (2019). Increasing physical activity among children and adolescents: Innovative ideas needed. Journal of sport and health sci¬ence, 8(1), 1-5. doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2018.09.011

Barbero-Alvarez, J. C., Soto, V. M., Barbero-Alvarez, V., & Gran¬da-Vera, J. (2008). Match analysis and heart rate of futsal play¬ers during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(1), 63-73. doi:10.1080/02640410701287289

Beato, M., Impellizzeri, F. M., Coratella, G., & Schena, F. (2016). Quan¬tification of energy expenditure of recreational football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(24), 2185-2188. doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.11 67280

Blair, S. N., Kohl, H. W., Paffenbarger, R. S., Clark, D. G., Cooper, K. H., & Gibbons, L. W. (1989). Physical fitness and all-cause mortality: a prospective study of healthy men and women. Jama, 262(17), 2395- 2401. doi:10.1001/jama.262.17.2395

Foster, C., Florhaug, J. A., Franklin, J., Gottschall, L., Hrovatin, L. A., & Parker, S., et al. (2001). A new approach to monitoring exercise train¬ing. Journal of strength and conditioning research,15(1),109-115.

Freedson, P. S. (1991). Electronic motion sensors and heart rate as mea¬sures of physical activity in children. Journal of School Health, 61(5), 220-223. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.1991.tb06018.x

Galache P. (2008). How to improve the self-esteem of overweight school children and/or obesity risk of 13 and 14 years? Action measures., Revista Digital, 121, 13.

Gao, Z., & Wang, R. (2018). Children’s motor skills competence, physi¬cal activity, fitness, and health promotion. Journal of Sport and Health Science 8(2), 1-3. doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2018.12.002

Godard, C., Carlin, L., Torres, J., Rodríguez, M. P., Leyton, B., & Salazar, G. (2016). Intensity level of the main physical activities of Chilean school children: determination by accelerometry. Revista Chilena de Nutrición 43(3), 247-254. doi:10.4067/S0717-75182016000300003

Gomez-Bruton A, Matute-Llorente A, González-Agüero A, Casajus JA, Vicente-Rodriguez G. (2017). Plyometric exercise and bone health in children and adolescents: a systematic review. World journal of pediat¬rics, 13(2), 112-121.doi: 10.1007/s12519-016-0076-0

Goodie, J. L., Larkin, K. T., & Schauss, S. (2000). Validation of Po¬lar heart rate monitor for assessing heart rate during physical and mental stress. Journal of Psychophysiology, 14(3), 159-164. doi:10.1027//0269-8803.14.3.159

Griggs, G. (2011). Ethnographic study of alternative sports by alterna¬tive means: List mining as a method of data collection. Journal of Em-pirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 6(2), 85-91. doi:10.1525/ jer.2011.6.2.85.

Gutin, B., Litaker, M., Islam, S., Manos, T., Smith, C., & Treiber, F. (1996). Body-composition measurement in 9–11-y-old children by dual-ener¬gy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold-thickness measurements, and bio¬impedance analysis. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 63(3), 287-292. doi:10.1093/ajcn/63.3.287

Hackney, A. C. (2016). Measurement techniques for energy expenditure. Exercise, Sport, and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 4, 33-42. doi:10.1016/ B978-0-12-809206-4.00013-5

Hands, B., Larkin, D., Parker, H., Straker, L., & Perry, M. (2009). The relationship among physical activity, motor competence and health-related fitness in 14-yearold adolescents. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 19(5), 655-663. doi:10.1111/j.1600- 0838.2008.00847.x

Hardy, C. J., & Rejeski, W. J. (1989). Not what, but how one feels: The measurement of affect during exercise. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11(3), 304-317. doi: 10.1123/jsep.11.3.304

Hiilloskorpi, H. K., Pasanen, M. E., Fogelholm, M. G., Laukkanen, R. M., & Mänttäri, A. T. (2003). Use of heart rate to predict energy expen¬diture from low to high activity levels. International Journal of Sports Medicine 24(5), 332-336. doi:10.1055/s-2003-40701

Hills, A. P., Mokhtar, N., & Byrne, N. M. (2014). Assessment of physical activity and energy expenditure: an overview of objective measures. Frontiers in Nutrition, 1, 1-16. doi:10.3389/fnut.2014.00005

Kowalski, K. C., Crocker, P. R., & Faulkner, R. A. (1997). Validation of the physical activity questionnaire for older children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9, 174-186.

Krustrup, P., Dvorak, J., & Bangsbo, J. (2016). Small-sided football in schools and leisure- time sport clubs improves physical fitness, health profile, well-being and learning in children. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(19), 1166-1167. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096266

Larsen, M. N., Nielsen, C. M., Ørntoft, C. Ø., Randers, M. B., Manniche, V., & Hansen, L., et al. (2017). Physical fitness and body composition in 8–10-year-old danish children are associated with sports club par¬ticipation. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 31(12), 3425- 3434. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001952

Lee, I. M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., & Katzmarzyk, P. T, et al. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-commu-nicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. The Lancet, 380(9838), 219-229. doi:10.1016/S0140- 6736(12)61031-9

Torres-Luque G, Sanchez-Pay A, Moya M. (2011). Competitive analysis of requirement of young tennis players. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 3(1), 71-78.

Von Elm, E., Altman, D. G., Egger, M., Pocock, S. J., Gøtzsche, P. C., & Vandenbroucke, J. P. (2014). The strengthening the reporting of ob-servational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. International journal of surgery, 12(12),1495-1499. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.07.013

World Health Organization. (2010). World Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication, 1-58. doi:978-92-4-359997-7




Cómo citar

Gargallo, P., Juesas, Álvaro, Bruño, A., Guzmán, J. F., Lisón, J. F., Baños, R. M., Flández, J., Rogers, M. E., & Colado Sánchez, J. C. (2020). Physiological and psychological effects of a new racket sport in children with and without overweight at primary school (Efectos fisiológicos y psicológicos de un nuevo deporte de raqueta en niños con y sin sobrepeso en la escuela primaria). Cultura, Ciencia Y Deporte, 15(45), 363-375.



Artículos / Articles

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a