Effects of different strength training intensities on health-related parameters towards engaging in physical activity in elderly.

TOWARDS ENGAGING IN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN ELDERLY

Autores/as

  • Raquel Carcelén
  • Jessica Nvarro
  • Alvaro Juesas
  • Rosa M. Baños
  • Juan C. Colado Sánchez Unidad de Investigación en Deporte y Salud Universidad de Valencia
  • Juan Francisco Lisón

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v17i53.1833

Resumen

To assess the effects of a progressive resistance training program at different intensities on health-related quality of life, anxiety, and motivation towards engaging in physical activity among older people. Prospective, municipal multi-centers, non-randomized controlled trial. 76 older adults were assigned to: vigorous intensity (n = 19), vigorous-moderate intensity (n = 21), moderate intensity (n = 19), or control group (n = 17). The exercise groups performed six exercises with elastic bands per session, twice a week, for 8 months. Vigorous intensity, vigorous-moderate intensity and moderate intensity group performed 6, 10 and 15 repetitions, respectively. Health-related quality of life was assessed using the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, trait and state anxiety using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and motivation towards engaging in physical activity using the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire. The moderate intensity group showed a significant increase in the summary of the physical components of health-related quality of life (p = 0.001; ηp2 = 0.158) and a significantdecrease in external regulation (p = 0.002; ηp 2 = 0.145) and amotivation (p = 0.013; ηp2 = 0.97). In contrast, the vigorousintensity group showed a significantincrease in state anxiety (p = 0.004; ηp2 = 0.076) and a significant decrease in introjected regulation (p = 0.018; ηp 2 = 0.097). Moderate intensity strength training programs are best suited for older adults because they improve health-related quality of life and decrease less self-determined forms of regulation, all without increasing anxiety states.

Biografía del autor/a

Juan C. Colado Sánchez, Unidad de Investigación en Deporte y Salud Universidad de Valencia

Profesor Titular.Director de la Unidad de Investigación en Deporte y Salud.

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Publicado

2022-09-01

Cómo citar

Carcelén, R., Navarro, J., Juesas, A., Baños, R. M., Colado Sánchez, J. C., & Lisón, J. F. . (2022). Effects of different strength training intensities on health-related parameters towards engaging in physical activity in elderly.: TOWARDS ENGAGING IN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN ELDERLY . Cultura, Ciencia Y Deporte, 17(53). https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v17i53.1833

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Artículos / Articles