Effects of strength training with variable elastic resistance across the lifespan: a systematic review. (Efectos del entrenamiento de la fuerza con resistencia variable elástica a lo largo de la vida: una revisión sistemática)


  • Juan C. Colado Sánchez Research Unit in Sport and Health, University of Valencia (Spain). Research Group in Prevention and Health in Exercise and Sport, University of Valencia (Spain)
  • Ranulfo Mena Smolkay Research Unit in Sport and Health, University of Valencia (Spain).
  • Joaquín Calatayud Villalba Research Unit in Sport and Health, University of Valencia (Spain).
  • Pedro Gargallo Bayo Research Group in Prevention and Health in Exercise and Sport, University of Valencia (Spain
  • Jorge Flández Valderrama Institute of Education Sciences. Physical Education and Sport Degree, Austral University of Chile (Valdivia, Chile).
  • Phil Page Franciscan Missionaries of Our Lady University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana (USA).



Palabras clave:

elastic bands, functional capacity, body composition, health biomarkers.


The benefits of strength training programs with isotonic free weights or machines have been well-documented in all age groups. However, exercise and healthcare professionals sometime question whether it is possible to obtain the same results with devices of variable resistance, such as elastic bands. To answer this question, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and summarize the positive effects of elastic resistance exercises used across the lifespan on health outcomes including body composition, functional and performance capacity, and biochemical variables. A secondary aim was to identify common dosage parameters of strength training programs using elastic resistance.


Los beneficios de los programas de entrenamiento de la fuerza con peso libre y máquinas isocinéticas del tipo isotónico han sido bien documentados en todas las franjas de edad. Sin embargo, los profesionales del ejercicio y la salud algunas veces se preguntan si es posible obtener los mismos resultados con dispositivos de resistencia variable, como por ejemplo las bandas elásticas. Para responder a esta pregunta, el objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue identificar y resumir los efectos positivos de los ejercicios de fuerza con elásticos empleados a lo largo de las diferentes etapas de la vida sobre resultados relacionados con la salud, incluyendo la composición corporal, capacidad funcional, rendimiento físico y algunas variables bioquímicas. Un objetivo secundario fue identificar los parámetros de dosificación comunes de los programas de entrenamiento de la fuerza usando resistencia elástica.


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Cómo citar

Colado Sánchez, J. C., Mena Smolkay, R., Calatayud Villalba, J., Gargallo Bayo, P., Flández Valderrama, J., & Page, P. (2020). Effects of strength training with variable elastic resistance across the lifespan: a systematic review. (Efectos del entrenamiento de la fuerza con resistencia variable elástica a lo largo de la vida: una revisión sistemática). Cultura, Ciencia Y Deporte, 15(44), 147–164. https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v15i44.1458



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