Taxonomía de Entornos Desarrolladores de Carrera Dual en España (A Taxonomy of Dual Career Development Environments in Spain)

Autores/as

  • José T. Mejías
  • Miquel Torregrossa
  • Anna Jordana
  • Marta Borrueco
  • Joan Pons
  • Yago Ramis

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v16i47.1624

Palabras clave:

Estudiante-deportista, programa de apoyo, perspectiva ecológica (Student-athlete, assistance program, ecological perspective)

Resumen

Este trabajo tiene por objetivo proponer una taxonomía nacional a través de la identificación y clasificación de los entornos desarrolladores de carrera dual en España. A partir de los resultados del proyecto Erasmus+ Ecology of Dual Careers se ha realizado un análisis documental de los entornos que promueven la carrera dual a nivel nacional, así como una verificación y un análisis de sus características y necesidades a través del trabajo con asesoras1 de carrera dual de estos entornos. Los resultados sugieren la existencia de tres macrosistemas: (a) centros deportivos públicos, (b) clubes deportivos privados, y (c) centros educativos. Los centros deportivos públicos incluyen centros de alto rendimiento y de tecnificación deportiva. Los clubes deportivos privados incluyen clubes de alto rendimiento profesionales y amateurs, especializados y multideportivos. Por último, los centros educativos incluyen institutos y universidades. Cada uno de estos sistemas ofrece distintos programas de asistencia a la carrera dual. La figura de la asesora se repite en gran parte de los entornos, así como la oferta fija de servicios. Los programas de asistencia abarcan, en su gran mayoría, a estudiantes-deportistas que se encuentran en las mismas etapas de desarrollo a nivel deportivo (i.e., junior) y académico/profesional (i.e., educación secundaria). Como elementos que cabría mejorar, debería trabajarse para aumentar los entornos que promuevan la compaginación de deporte y trabajo, así como también extender este ejercicio a estudiantes-deportistas que representen poblaciones vulnerables (e.g., deportistas con discapacidad).===This work proposes a national taxonomy through the identification and classification of dual career development environments in Spain. Based on the results of the Erasmus+ Ecology of Dual Careers project, a documentary analysis of the environments that promote dual careers at a national level has been carried out, as well as a verification and analysis of their characteristics and needs through work with dual career support providers. The results suggest the existence of three macrosystems: (a) public sports centres, (b) private sport clubs, and (c) educational centres. Public sport centres include high performance and sport technification centres. Private sports clubs include professional and amateur high-performance clubs, specialized and multi-sports. Finally, educational centres include institutes and universities. Each of these systems offers different dual career assistance programs. The figure of the support provider is repeated in a large part of the environments, as well as the fixed offer of services. The dual career assistance programs cover, for the most part, student-athletes who are in the same sport’s development stages (i.e., junior) and academic/professional levels (i.e., secondary education). As elements for improvement, there is a lack of environments that promote the combination of sports and work, as well as extending this exercise to student-athletes who represent vulnerable populations (e.g., athletes with disabilities).

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Publicado

2021-02-25

Cómo citar

Mejías, J. T., Torregrossa, M., Jordana, A., Borrueco, M., Pons, J., & Ramis, Y. (2021). Taxonomía de Entornos Desarrolladores de Carrera Dual en España (A Taxonomy of Dual Career Development Environments in Spain). Cultura, Ciencia Y Deporte, 16(47), 19-29. https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v16i47.1624

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