From elite sport to the job market: Development and initial validation of the Athlete Competency Questionnaire for Employability (ACQE) (Del deporte de élite al mercado laboral: Desarrollo y validación inicial del Cuestionario de Competencias de Deportistas para la Empleabilidad (ACQE))


  • Sofie Smismans
  • Paul Wylleman
  • Koen De Brandt
  • Defruyt Simon
  • Francesca Vitali
  • Yago Ramis
  • Miquel Torregrossa
  • Babett Lobinger
  • Natalia B. Stambulova
  • Sasa Cecić Erpič


Palabras clave:

Transitions, employment, post-athletic career, athletic retirement, Erasmus (Transiciones, empleabilidad, carrera post-deportiva, retirada deportiva, Erasmus )


This paper describes two studies aimed at developing and initially validating an instrument that measures athletes’ competencies required to optimize their employability across three career phases (i.e., active, retirement and new career phase; B-WISER, 2018). Study 1 describes the development of the Athlete Competency Questionnaire for Employability (ACQE). Study 2 examines the ACQE’s factor structure using exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM; N = 954, 46% female; Mage = 26.74 ± 9.90; 54% active, 24% retirement, 22% new career). ESEM supported a 28-item ACQE with four factors: Career & Lifestyle Management, Career Communication, Career Resilience, and Career Engagement & Flexibility. This is the first study to identify athletes’ competencies for optimizing employability across different phases of athletic retirement. The results can inform stakeholders in different fields (e.g., sport, education, employment) about ways to assist athletes in their transition from elite sport to the job market.


Este artículo describe dos estudios encaminados a desarrollar y realizar la validación inicial de un instrumento que mide las competencias que los deportistas requieren para optimizar su empleabilidad en tres fases de su carrera (i.e., activos, en retirada
deportiva, en nueva fase de carrera; B-WISER, 2018). El Estudio 1 describe el desarrollo del Cuestionario de Competencias de Deportistas para la Empleabilidad (ACQE). El Estudio 2 examina la estructura factorial del ACQE a partir del modelamiento exploratorio de ecuaciones estructurales (ESEM; N = 954, 46% mujeres; Medad = 26.74 ± 9.90; 54% activas, 24% en retirada, 22% nueva carrera). El ESEM apoya una solución de 28 ítems y 4 factores para el ACQE: Gestión de carrera y estilo de vida, Comunicación de Carrera, Resiliencia de carrera, y Compromiso y flexibilidad de carrera. Este es el primer estudio que identifica las competencias
de los deportistas para optimizar su empleabilidad en distintas fases de la retirada deportiva. Los resultados pueden informar a los interesados en distintos ámbitos (e.g., deporte, educación, empleabilidad) sobre los modos de asistir a los deportistas en su transición del deporte de elite al mercado laboral.


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Cómo citar

Smismans, S., Wylleman, P., De Brandt, K., Simon, D., Vitali, F., Ramis, Y., … Cecić Erpič, S. (2021). From elite sport to the job market: Development and initial validation of the Athlete Competency Questionnaire for Employability (ACQE) (Del deporte de élite al mercado laboral: Desarrollo y validación inicial del Cuestionario de Competencias de Deportistas para la Empleabilidad (ACQE)). Cultura, Ciencia Y Deporte, 16(47), 39–48.

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